Monograph or CBT


How to prepare a Monograph




See also: Theme Suggestions

See also: How to start Scientific Research?

See also: What is a Monograph and its concepts

See also: How to prepare using your own Monograph or CBT using ABNT

See also: How to format your own Monograph or TCC using ABNT


Download : monograph or CBT template


Below are the components that should be part of your monographs:




Cover Cover page

Obverse of the cover sheet

Back of cover page

Approval sheet

Dedication (with example below)

Acknowledgments (with example below)

Summary in the vernacular

4 - ABSTRACT - Abstract in foreign language

List of illustrations

List of tables

List of abbreviations and acronyms

List of symbols




Bibliographic reference




These norms establish the general principles for the presentation of the monograph of the postgraduate course of the Integrated Faculties of the Scientific Institute of Higher Education and Research.



These standards contain prescriptions that follow provisions established in the Brazilian Standard 14724 - Information and documentation - Academic works - Presentation.



The pre-textual elements that will compose the monographs are presented in items 3.1 to 3.12.


3.1 Cover

Institution name: “Faculty ________________________”

Name of the author (s);


Subtitle, if any;

Number of volumes (if there are more than one, the specification of the respective volume must appear on each cover);

Place: “CIDADE”;

Delivery year.


3.2 Cover page Composed of verse and obverse, as shown in items 3.2.1 and 3.2.2.


3.2.1 Obverse of the cover sheet


The elements must be presented in the following order.

Name of the author (s);

Main title of the work: it must be clear and precise, identifying its content and enabling the indexing and retrieval of information;

Subtitle (if any): its subordination to the main title must be highlighted, preceded by a colon;

Number of volumes (if there are more than one, the specification of the respective volume must appear on each cover sheet);

Nature: "Dissertation submitted as a partial requirement for obtaining the Specialist degree in ........ to the Judging Committee of the Faculty_______________"

Name of the advisor and, if any, of the co-advisor;

Place: “CIDADE”;

Delivery year.


3.2.2 Back cover page

It must contain the catalog card, according to the Anglo-American Cataloging Code in force. Obs. Usually the educational institution is responsible for inserting the catalog card.


3.3 Approval sheet

Placed just after the cover page, consisting of the full name of the author (s) of the work, title of the work and subtitle (if any), nature (“Dissertation approved as a partial requirement for obtaining the Specialist degree in. ....... to the Judging Committee of the Faculty__________________________ ”), date of approval, full name, title and signature of the components of the examining board and institutions to which they belong.


3.4 Dedication (s) Optional element, placed after the approval sheet.


<------------------------ 6 cm ----------------------- ->

I dedicate this work to my daughters Flávia and Patrícia for constituting themselves differently as people, equally beautiful and admirable in essence, stimuli that impelled me to seek new life every day, my thanks for having accepted to deprive myself of my company through studies, granting the me the opportunity to fulfill myself even more.


(DEDICATION MODEL - size 12 - may be in italics - aligned 6 cm from the left margin - single spacing - typed above the lower margin - without quotes)


3.5 Acknowledgment (s)

Optional element, placed after the dedication.



To our Advisor Prof. [NAME OF THE GUIDELINER] for the encouragement, friendliness and promptness in assisting the activities and discussions on the progress and standardization of this Course Conclusion Monograph. Especially the Teacher [NAME OF THE TEACHER]. for his innovative and entrepreneurial spirit in the task of multiplying his knowledge, for his discipline teaching us the importance of group work and for the opportunity to participate in publications, events and simulated exercises. To the other creators, coordinators and employees of [NAME OF UNIVERSITY] of [NAME OF STATE].

To all teachers and their guests for the affection, dedication and enthusiasm shown throughout the course.

Particularly to Prof. [NAME OF THE TEACHER], for his unequivocal vocation, for sparing no effort as a student interlocutor and for filling in any flaws and gaps. To classmates for their spontaneity and joy in exchanging information and materials in a rare show of friendship and solidarity. Our dear reviewer [NAME OF THE REVIEWER], without which our Monograph would not have the same quality. To our families for their patience in tolerating our absence.

And finally, to GOD for the opportunity and privilege that we have been given to share such an experience and, when attending this course, to realize and pay attention to the relevance of themes that were not part, in depth, of our lives.


3.6 Summary in the vernacular

It cannot exceed 500 words and must be followed, just below, the words representative of the content of the work, that is, keywords and / or descriptors.



Foreign language summary (For graduate / Master's work)

It should be typed on a separate sheet, with the same characteristics as the abstract in vernacular. It must also be followed by the keywords and / or descriptors in the language.


3.8 List of illustrations

It should be prepared according to the order presented in the text, with each item designated by its specific name, accompanied by the respective page number. Consider figures of the same type in all illustrations (drawings, diagrams, flowcharts, photographs, graphs, maps, organization charts, plans, pictures, portraits and others).


3.9 List of tables

It should be prepared according to the order presented in the text, with each item designated by its specific name, accompanied by the respective page number.


3.10 List of abbreviations and acronyms

The alphabetical list of abbreviations and acronyms used in the text must be presented, each followed by the corresponding words or expressions spelled out in full.


3.11 List of symbols

The list of symbols used in the text must be presented, in the same order in which they are presented, each followed by the corresponding meaning.


3.12 Summary

It should contain the main parts of the text (divisions, sections and others), obeying the organic structure of the work and following the progressive numbering. Each part must be accompanied by the respective page. If there is more than one volume, each one must contain a complete summary of the work.



Consisting of three parts: introduction, development and conclusion.


4.1 Introduction Initial part of the text.

It should contain the objectives of the work, the theoretical framework on which it is based, the formulation of the problem and the hypothesis, similar works related to the same theme and, consequently, a critical review and the orientation of the reader on the subject to be addressed.


4.2 Development Body of work.

It should contain an orderly and detailed exposition of the subject.

It should be divided into sections and subsections that vary depending on the approach of the theme and the method.


4.3 Conclusion Final part of the text.

You must present the conclusions corresponding to the objectives or hypotheses. Part of the conclusion, for example, is the indication of hypotheses that have not been proven and those that the study detected for future indications.




5.1 References


5.1.1 Location References must be presented at the end of the text.


5.1.2 General presentation rules The essential elements (the information indispensable for the identification of the document) and the complementary elements (the information that, added to the essential elements allow to better characterize the document) must be presented in a standardized sequence. To compose each reference , the sequence of elements must be obeyed, as described in NBR 6023.


5.2 Glossary Optional element.

It must be presented in alphabetical order.


5.3 Appendix (s) Optional element.

The appendix (s) must be identified by consecutive capital letters, dash and the respective titles. If the letters of the alphabet are exhausted, double capital letters should be used to perform the identification.


5.4 Appendix (s) Optional element.

The attachment (s) must be identified by consecutive capital letters, dash and the respective titles. If the letters of the alphabet are exhausted, double capital letters should be used to perform the identification.


5.5 Index (s) Optional element.

They must be prepared in accordance with NBR 6034.



The general format of the work should be as follows:


a) The texts must be presented on white paper, A4 format (21 cm ´ 29.7 cm), typed in black, with the exception of the illustrations, on the obverse of the sheets, except the cover page.


b) The font should be size 12 for the text and size 11 for citations of less than three lines (with 4cm indentation and single spacing), footnotes, page numbers and legends of illustrations and tables.


c) The leaves must have a left and upper margin of 3 cm, a right and lower margin of 2 cm.


d) All text must be typed with a space of 1.5. Citations of more than three lines, notes, references, legends of illustrations and tables, the catalog card, the nature of the work, the purpose, the name of the institution to which it is submitted must be typed in single space. References must be separated by double space.


e) Footnotes must be typed within the margins, separated from the text by a simple space between the lines and by a 3 cm fillet, starting from the left margin.


f) The numeric code of a section precedes the title, aligned to the left, separated by a character space.


g) Titles without numeric code - errata, acknowledgments, list of illustrations, list of abbreviations and acronyms, list of symbols, abstracts, summary, references, glossary, appendix (s), attachment (s) and index (s) - should be centralized.


h) The approval sheet and the dedication must not have a title or numerical indication.


i) All worksheets, starting from the cover sheet, should be counted sequentially, but not numbered. The numbering must be placed from the first sheet of the textual part, in Arabic numerals, in the upper right corner of the sheet, 2 cm from the top edge, the last digit being 2 cm from the right edge of the sheet. In case the work consists of more than one volume, a single sequence of numbering of the sheets must be maintained, from the first to the last volume. If there is an appendix and an annex, its pages must be numbered continuously and the pagination must follow that of the main text.


j) Sections of the text should be numbered progressively. The titles of the primary sections must start on a separate page. Section titles should be highlighted in bold.


k) Citations must be submitted in accordance with NBR 10520.


l) Acronyms must be presented in parentheses, preceded by the corresponding words or expressions spelled out in full, when used for the first time in the text.


m) Equations and formulas should be detached from the text and presented centralized and numbered (when more than one). The numbering must be presented in Arabic numerals in parentheses, at a distance of 1 character to the right. When fragmented in more than one line, due to lack of space, they must be interrupted before the equal sign or after the plus, subtraction, multiplication and division signs.


n) The identification of the illustrations must be presented at the bottom, preceded by a designative word, followed by the order number of occurrence in the text.

(Source: Extracted from the website