Norms for formatting the Scientific Article
See also: Theme Suggestions
See also: How to start Scientific Research?
See also: What is a Monograph and its concepts
See also: How to prepare using your own Monograph or CBT using ABNT
Download: article template
In academic life, there are several research activities carried out, both by the faculty and by the student. These activities result from didactic and scientific works elaborated frequently in the disciplines, courses or in research groups. The activities that are characterized as didactic works result from cultural interaction, as they allow knowledge to be reconstructed, insofar as one has access to the culturally instituted world.
Scientific works, in turn, result from an effort to create and elaborate new knowledge, have a more complex nature and allow knowledge to be renewed. Another significant difference between the two types of work is the treatment given to the object of study in the process of its assimilation, understanding and construction.
Didactic and scientific works, often due to the level of excellence they present, are worthy of publication. Educational institutions, in general, and the courses that belong to them, in particular, have specialized magazines for the publication of these works produced by students and teachers. Scientific article can be understood as a complete work in itself, but it has reduced size. Köche (1997, p. 149) states that "the article is the synthetic presentation, in the form of a written report, of the results of investigations or studies carried out on an issue". Salvador (1977, p. 24) presents five reasons for writing scientific articles.
a) To expose new aspects that we have discovered, through study and research, regarding an issue, or aspects that we believe have been treated only superficially, or new solutions to known issues;
b) expose an old question in a new way;
c) announce the results of a survey, which will be exposed in the future in a book;
d) to develop secondary aspects of an issue that have not been dealt with properly in a book that has been edited or that will be edited;
e) address controversial subjects for which there was no time to prepare a book. The article is a means of updating information and therefore, as a source of research, it can never be ignored by students and teachers in the process of searching and acquiring knowledge. For the publication of a scientific article, it is necessary to observe the recommendations set by the Brazilian Association of Technical Standards (1994), which in general structures the following elements:
1 - Pre-textual elements
a) title: contains the term or expression that indicates the content of the article;
b) authorship: name of the author or authors, accompanied by a brief curriculum vitae (shown in a footnote);
c) summary: presents objectives, methodology, and conclusions reached.
It must be prepared in accordance with the Brazilian Association of Technical Standards (1990); d) keywords: terms indicating the content of the article.
2 - Textual elements
a) introduction: introduces the theme-question-problem, justifies it, sets out the purpose and describes the methodology that was adopted in carrying out the research;
b) development: presents the results of the study;
c) conclusion: it critically analyzes the results of the study and opens perspectives for new investigations;
d) references: presents the works that were cited in the body of the article according to the Brazilian Association of Technical Standards (2000).
3 - Post-textual elements
a) appendix: text written by the author, which complements the ideas contained in the development;
b) attachment: document (not necessarily the author of the article) that substantiates, proves or illustrates aspects contained in the development;
c) translation of the abstract: written in a foreign language, as determined by the editorial board to whom the article will be forwarded. In the writing of scientific articles, in addition to the elements presented, support elements should be used, when necessary, as suggested by the Brazilian Association of Technical Standards (1994).
a) tables, charts, formulas and illustrations, which must be presented in accordance with the Brazilian Association of Technical Standards (1994);
b) citations, which must be presented according to the Brazilian Association of Technical Standards (2001a), avoiding footnotes or at the end of the text.
It is important to note that not all scientific journals strictly follow the order of the elements presented in this text. Some items may vary according to the needs and / or requirements of each editorial board. Regardless, it is important that teachers and students feel motivated to publish the results of their scientific or didactic activities.
Source: prepared by Vilson Leonel, professor at Unisul, member of the Nucleus of Scientific Methodology, mastering in education at Unisul.